The Diseases Most Often Affecting Bullmastiffs
From 8 weeks to 4 months
1. Hip dysplasia
The severe form hip dysplasia may display itself as early as in this age. The symptoms are as follows:
The dogs shuffles his hind legs, is lame, hind limbs move as if the dog walks on stilts, the dog is difficult to stand up, screams suddenly when stretches his hind legs.
2. Congenital heart disorders
This is the period when the acute decompensation of activity of heart with a congenital disorder is observed, which is bound up with a quick growth of pup. In the presence of obscure clinical picture of one or another heart disorder the decompensation most often entails a lethal outcome of the animal. The cause of death is determined only by the autopsy. Hence all cases of sudden death of dogs should be exposed to a pathologoanatomic research.
From 4 to 8 months
1. Dermal diseases
The dermal diseases are: mange, demodecosis and other that are transmitted to puppies from the infected nuns or other dogs suffering these diseases.
Demodecosis develops in the form of small round or oval bald areas that most often locate on head, muzzle and fore legs. Though other locations are possible. No skin itching. Bald regions may be absolutely clean and non-inflamed or there may be inflammations in the form of pustules or dry scabs.
Pyodermia (pustular rush) is a widespread disease among shorthaired dogs. First of all pustules appear on groin and belly then spread onto the whole body as a result of itch and scratching. Often pyodermia is accompanied by inflammation of nail beds. The pyodermia is dangerous by its complications in the form of abscesses (pus centers) of different internal organs resulting from developing sepsis.
2. Traumas (long tubular bones fractures, sprains and fractures of ligaments, subluxations of joints)
Owing to intensive growth and increased demand of minerals against a background of lack of well-balanced food dogs may be subjected to age fragility of bones. Ligaments are very soft and weak during this period and are easy to be injured. Humerus-scapular ligaments as well as hocks, knee and elbow ligaments are the high-risk zone. Sprains and fractures of ligaments happen very easily even at a small physical tension (for example when a dog stands up on hind legs when meeting you). Ligament injuries are expressed as edema of dermal coverlet, strained movement of affected limb and a painful reaction when the pup moves the injured leg.
If the articular sack is traumatized (bursitis) the skin above the injured joint becomes swelled. Even at an opportune treatment the inflammation may last for long and may remain for all life in the form of big spherical formation hanging over the injured joint (an operational treatment is possible)
From 8 to 12 months
1. Cutting osteochondrosis
This disease most often happens in large breed dogs in the period of intensive growth. The first sign of disease is intermittent claudication (the puppy is lame in one leg at one moment and in another at other moment without any apparent reason). The disease is usually painless.
This is mostly a Molosser group breed specific disease. Dogs suffer it during the period of pubescence. Pustules resemble small furuncles and arise in the area of chin wrinkles. When pressing on ripe pustules creamy pus goes out. Affected regions don't itch but become solid and shaggy and when touching often bleed.
3. Hip dysplasia
This is the age when all degrees of the disease become apparent.
From 1 to 3 years
In this age ligament sprains and fractures as well as tubular bones fractures and contusions happen most often. Bursitis of elbow joints take place.
2. Vaginitis and endometritis
If the hygiene of coupling is not observed a bitch or a dog may catch staphylococcus. Last detection of staphylococcus infection in post-natal period of the bitch may cause endometritis (uterus inflammation) and entail death of both the dam and puppies. Infectious diseases transimitted by a genital way are very hard to cure and often get chronic character.
Upward 5 years
1. Ischemia heart disease
Bullmastiffs (as well as many other large and heavy breeds) are disposed to this disease as a result of a range of reasons. Drawbacks of care, feeding and handling procedures (inactive way of life) may have a heavy impact on dog's cardiovascular system. Sudden climatic alterations such as significant temperature and atmospheric pressure changes (transporting by airplane) - affect them greatly.
2. Gastric torsion
Absence of ligament that could fasten the stomach to a cross-rim intestine is a provoker of sudden acute form of gastric torsion that happens quite.
This is a terrible disease resulting in a very painful death of animal.
The symptoms are:
1. Increasing bloating of belly in a very short period of time
2. Acute and painful pangs
3. Short breathing - hards noisy and frequent
4. Muscular weakness
The further signs are: vomiting, loss of consciousness (may not take place), heart deficiency.
The earlier you detect the disease the more chanches you have to save your dog. If you'll be able to notice the symptoms during first 1-1.5 hours the dog can be saved by an urgent surgical operation. Remember you are pressed time time. If the owner is late to turn to a vet the dog will perish.
Punctilious observance of the rules given below will save your friend from a painful death!!!
1. NEVER feed a dog before going for a walk or before any physical exercises
2. NEVER feed a dog in a stress situation: at the shows, before and during transporting and so on
3. DON'T GIVE a dog much water right after walking or physical exercises
4. NEVER FEED an old dog with a dry fodder (sreep it well before giving to a dog)
5. Old dogs should be given a day portion during two or three feedings
6. A food for an old dog should be easy digestible. It should include legumens and potatoes.
Reduce the quantity of meat by 60-70 percents